Type 1 “Juvenile” Diabetes Symptoms
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is a debilitating autoimmune disease in which the body attacks beta cells, or the insulin-producing cells, in the pancreas. Juvenile diabetes is potentially fatal if left untreated. Because the warning signs are very similar to many common illnesses, including the flu, this disease is easily misdiagnosed. Knowing the symptoms of juvenile diabetes can help save a life.
Juvenile diabetes is more often first diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults. A person with type 1 diabetes has normal levels of glucose in the blood but because the body lacks insulin, glucose cannot be taken up by the cells for fuel and it remains in the bloodstream. Without fuel, the body wastes away.
Warning Signs of Type 1 Diabetes
Juvenile diabetes has a host of symptoms that are quite common but, when taken together, can be a warning sign of the deadly disease. If your child exhibits one or more of the following symptoms, he or she may have diabetes.
- Frequent urination. Increased urination is one of the major signs of juvenile diabetes. Without insulin to transport glucose to the appropriate cells, the glucose level starts to build up in the blood. The kidneys try to compensate by getting rid of the extra glucose, causing frequent urination.
- Increased thirst. This symptom is linked to frequent urination. Anything the child drinks is quickly eliminated via urination, thus leading to thirst.
- Increased appetite. Because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to make glucose available to the cells, the body does not receive the fuel it needs. As a result, people with juvenile diabetes are always hungry no matter how much or how often they eat.
- Sudden weight loss. People with type 1 or juvenile diabetes often suffer from excessive weight loss, as opposed to patients with type 2 diabetes who tend to be overweight. The cells cannot take up fuel in the form of glucose due to lack of insulin, so the body has nothing to store as fat. Despite an enormous appetite, a person with type 1 diabetes can lose significant amounts of body weight. This is one of the tell-tale symptoms of juvenile diabetes.
- Sugar in urine. The old name of type 1 diabetes is diabetes mellitus. Mellitus comes from the Latin word for sweet honey. The word is descriptive of the sweet urine and blood of people with juvenile diabetes.
- Other symptoms. Additional symptoms that may be exhibited by type 1 diabetes patients include fatigue, headache, nausea, sweet or fruity breath, and bed-wetting.
Juvenile diabetes is a very serious disease that requires prompt medical attention. Although it is not curable, diabetes can be treated. If your child shows symptoms of the disease, get him screened by a physician. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications.No tags for this post.